Miller wrote the play as an allegory for Mc Carthyism, when the United States government persecuted people accused of being communists.
Miller was questioned by the House of Representatives' Committee on Un-American Activities in 1956 and convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to identify others present at meetings he had attended.
Moreover, the authorities of Salem were afraid of losing authorities and power.
For example, the judges, Governor Danforth and Ezekiel Cheever didn't want to admit that they were being fooled by a bunch of girls so they insisted that witchcraft existed in the town of Salem.
Abigail coerces and threatens the others to "stick to their story" of merely dancing in the woods.
The other girls are frightened of the truth being revealed (in actuality, they tried to conjure a curse against Elizabeth Proctor) and being labelled witches, so they go along with Abigail. John Proctor, a local farmer and husband of Elizabeth, enters.
The Crucible is a 1953 play by American playwright Arthur Miller.
It is a dramatized and partially fictionalized story of the Salem witch trials that took place in the Massachusetts Bay Colony during 1692–93.
She believed that if his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, was out of the way, Abigail and John would be together again.
Therefore, she told everyone that Elizabeth's spirit was trying to kill her and accused Elizabeth of being a witch.