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People have to be guided to contribute to goals with zeal and confidence.
Leadership and power: A leader derives potential to influence the behaviour of others through power.
A leader can derive power from various sources.(a) Legitimate power: It is the power by virtue of position in the organisational hierarchy.
Leadership depends upon personal traits: Everybody cannot be a leader.
Best known managers can be ineffective leaders and poor managers can be very good leaders. A person can be a good leader if he has characteristics like popularity, confidence, intelligence, social and inter-personal skills etc.2.
Essay Contents: Leader is an integral part of work and social life.
It inspires confidence and support among group members to achieve the organisational goals.Situation plays important role in determining the style of leadership.3. management: Leadership is different from management. While management assumes hierarchical relationship amongst individuals, leaders and followers may not be related to each other through the formal chain of command.4.Leadership is a function: Leadership is a function of the leader, follower and the situation.Mathematically, L= f (l, f, s)where L = Leadership; I = leader; f = follower; s = situation Leadership is determined by characteristics of the leader, the team and the situations that prevail in the organisation.5.Role model: Leaders are role models for their followers. It is the ability to build confidence and zeal among people and create an urge to be led. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organisation to make it cohesive and coherent.An employee knows that his superiors have power to issue him directions.(b) Reward power: It is the power to give rewards in the form of bonus, increments, promotion etc.for positive contribution to organisational goals.(c) Coercive power: It is the power to punish undesirable tasks.A salary cut or a vacation cut can enforce people conform to directions of the leaders.(d) Expert power: Leader enjoys this power by virtue of his expertise and skill.A tax expert, for example, can solve tax related matters of his fellow workers, superiors and subordinates.(e) Information power: It is the power to have access to organisational information.