Herbert Spencer Essays

Herbert Spencer Essays-78
The main idea of the book was that the human mind was subject to natural laws and that they could be discovered within the framework of general biology.Spencer's interest in psychology was linked to the desire to establish the universality of natural law.Spencer declined an offer from his uncle, the Reverend Thomas Spencer, to send him to Cambridge, and in consequence his higher education was largely the result of his own reading, which was chiefly in the natural sciences.

The main idea of the book was that the human mind was subject to natural laws and that they could be discovered within the framework of general biology.Spencer's interest in psychology was linked to the desire to establish the universality of natural law.Spencer declined an offer from his uncle, the Reverend Thomas Spencer, to send him to Cambridge, and in consequence his higher education was largely the result of his own reading, which was chiefly in the natural sciences.

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Social Darwinism is term that is used for application of biological concepts of Charles Darwin to sociology and political science.

The goal of this paper is to introduce two most known social Darwinists – Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner.

In Spencer’s day social Darwinism was invoked to justify laissez-faire economics and the minimal state, which were thought to best promote unfettered competition between individuals and the gradual improvement of society through the “Herbert Spencer is famous for his doctrine of social Darwinism, which asserted that the principles of evolution, including natural selection, apply to human societies, social classes, and individuals as well as to biological species developing over geologic time.

He is also remembered for introducing the term Spencer’s father, William George Spencer, was a schoolmaster, and his parents’ dissenting religious convictions inspired in him a nonconformity that continued active even after he had abandoned the Christian faith.

in which he argued that it is the business of governments to uphold natural rights and that they do more harm than good when they go beyond that.

After some association with progressive journalism through such papers as (1904) Spencer denies any such desire, much as he admired Eliot’s intellectual powers.

Spencer rejected some traditional elements of the curriculum and emphasized the importance of self-development, sympathetic attention from instructors, observation and problem solving, physical exercise and free play, and discipline derived from experiencing the natural consequences of one’s actions rather than from punishments imposed by teachers and parents.

, in which information was provided about the social institutions of various societies, both “primitive” and “civilized.” The series was interrupted in 1881 because of a lack of public support.

Though it is natural to cite him as the great exponent of Victorian optimism, it is notable that he was by no means unaffected by the pessimism that from time to time clouded the Victorian confidence.

Evolution, he taught, would be followed by dissolution, and individualism would come into its own only after an era of socialism and war.

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