Deontological theories recognise two types of duties.First is the general duty, defined by prohibitions like do not kill, and do not lie.
Ethics and ethical decisions surround themselves around what is the goodness or badness of any particular choice or decision.
When exploring ethics, it is necessary to explore what are the different thoughts surrounding what framework is used to weigh this goodness and badness. Defining Deontological Theory Deontological Kant's theories state that actions are only morally right when they are done out of duty.
According to Kant’s philosophy, duties and rights arise from moral laws.
All duties are either jurisdiction duties or ethical duties.
As such, Kant related the faculty of mind to morals by trying to explain that an action is right or wrong with regard to pain and pleasure defined by their consequences.
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So what matters is the conception of consequences of the pain or pleasure of desired activity (Kant 5).
The first is wrong while the later is morally right.
The second type of duty is the personal or social duty which can be defined as fulfilling one’s promises or responsibilities like good parenting.
Kant describes these moral duties as unchanging and views them as laws for human behavior and conduct.
Kant also holds that being a free being is essential to the ability to think rationally, which allows for morality.