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A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic.Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant and significant publications regarding that topic in order to provide a comprehensive look at what has been said on the topic and by whom.
Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources.
Just because something is ‘published’ does not mean its quality is assured.
The basic components of a literature review include: An annotated bibliography is a list of your references with a summary of the content and the publication’s relationship to your research question.
A literature review is an overview of the topic, an explanation of how publications differ from one another, and an examination of how each publication contributes to the discussion and understanding of the topic.
Your interpretation may be self-evident to you, but it may not be to everyone else.
You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking.
The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic. Components Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages: 3.
Definition and Use/Purpose A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject.
It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one. Merriam (1988:6) describes the literature review as: Merriam’s statement was made in 1988, since which time there has been further extension of the concept of being ‘published’ within the academic context.
The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals.