Preparedness Theory Of Phobias

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The theory of evolution and preparedness can help explain biologically why people have phobias.

To help you better understand this theory imagine this scenario: There are two animals living in a forest.

Science has attempted to understand two things in regards to phobias; which mechanisms activate a phobic response and how they can be treated.

Initial scientific evidence has explained the origin of phobias in terms of Pavlovian classical conditioning, identifying them as conditioned human responses (Marks, 1989).

Suffering from a phobia can be a debilitating and distressing condition.

Phobias induce physiological responses and can impact upon daily routines, inhibiting life experiences and opportunities.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.In this process, a neutral stimulus that causes no natural respon...We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.If evolution prepares us to learn to be afraid of fire, we will make an association between fear and fire much more quickly than between fear and a non prepared stimulus such as a rock.These things included situations which can be dangerous/threatening to humans early in their evolution, such as fire, deep water, lightning, and heights. These biological stimuli are more likely to develop into a phobia than non-biological stimuli such as firearms, broken glass and motor cars, even though humans are more likely to have an aversive experience with non-biological stimuli.Preparedness theory was introduced by Seligman (1971) whereby the concept of preparedness attempts to explain why fears and phobias are so much more likely to occur with biological stimuli than non-biological stimuli (Davey, 1995).How has preparedness theory attempted to integrate a Pavlovian model of the acquisition of specific phobias with this biological specificity? When confronted with a phobic object or situation an individual appears to have little control and no alternative but to avoid the feared object or situation (Ohman & Soares, 1993).Consequently, individuals with a phobia can be vulnerable to anxiety induced automatic reactions to an object or situation which in turn can place major restrictions on everyday life (Ohman & Soares, 1993).

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    Preparedness theory essaysHow has preparedness theory attempted to integrate a Pavlovian model of the acquisition of specific phobias with this biological specificity? What is the status of Preparedness theory today? When confronted with a phobic object or situation an individual appears to have li.…

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    Preparedness theory and Phobias. 1844 words 7 pages Essay in Psychology. Phobias induce physiological responses and can impact upon daily routines, inhibiting life experiences and opportunities. While more people are likely to have unpleasant experiences with non-biological stimuli.…

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    Home A Level and IB Psychology Biological Preparedness Theory of Phobias. Passing on of traits, such as phobias, through genetics.…

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    Theories of Phobia Development. What is a phobia? A phobic disorder is a marked, persistent, andA triggering event is different for everyone, but generally a trauma or a time of severe stress. Preparedness theory of phobias is that people are instinctively predisposed toward certain fears.…

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    Preparedness theory has certainly received significant empirical support, and made an important contribution in addressing the shortcomings of the classical conditioning theory to account for the unequal distribution of fear and phobia. However, it is doubtful whether findings support Seligman’s.…

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    The theory of evolution and preparedness can help explain biologically why people have phobias. To help you better understand this theory imagine this scenario There are two animals living in a forest. One day there is a forest fire, and one animal runs away.…

  • Major Theories on How Phobias Develop
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    According to this theory, phobias are based on anxiety reactions of the id that have been repressed by the ego. In other words, the currently feared objectNeuropsychologists have identified certain genetic factors that may play a role in the development of phobias. Although the research is still in its early.…

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