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It has the advantage of not exposing the person to radiation.
Many people, such as Antoine-Henri Becquerel, Max Von Laue, and others, helped improve the x-ray, but without Roentgen’s initial discovery there is a good chance that we would still be using older forms of diagnosis and treatment.
Radiology has helped improve health care in many ways, including medical research, treatment, and diagnosis (2010).
This year we are proud to present this year’s winning essay, by Daniel Spindler, from New Dorp High School in Staten Island, NY: Rector Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen saw a barium platinocyanide screen glow when exposed to an unknown radiation from a cathode ray tube.
He then experimented on his wife by placing her hand in front of a photographic plate and was able to see her bones.
More recently, special techniques called PET, CT, and MRI scans have changed diagnosis.
Radiology Essay Prizes
CT scans, or computerized tomography, sends x-rays through the body to detectors, and the information is interpreted by a computer that generates 2D or 3D images of bones and organs.
Sprains were often treated as fractures because there was no way to be certain that there wasn't a true break.
Now radiology has changed medical diagnosis not only for fractures, but for many other conditions as well.
Using sound waves, ultrasound started being used for diagnosis in the 1950's.
It can be used to diagnose problems with most internal organs, and it also takes a person's first picture, which can be used to diagnose limb, heart and spine abnormalities in fetuses (Woo 1998-2001).