Religiously-motivated peace builders have played important roles in addressing many conflicts around the world.
This aspect of religion and conflict is discussed in the parallel essay on religion and peace.
Religious revivalism is powerful in that it can provide a sense of pride and purpose, but in places such as Sri Lanka and Sudan it has produced a strong form of illiberal nationalism that has periodically led to intolerance and discrimination. Some religious groups, such as the Kach and Kahane Chai parties in Israel or Egypt's Islamic Jihad, consider violence to be a ‘duty'. Those who call for violence see themselves as divinely directed and therefore obstacles must be eliminated.
Many religions also have significant strains of evangelism, which can be conflictual.
This essay considers some of the means through which religion can be a source of conflict.
Although not necessarily so, there are some aspects of religion that make it susceptible to being a latent source of conflict.
However, those followers must also be motivated to action.
Although, almost invariably, the majority of any faith hold moderate views, they are often more complacent, whereas extremists are motivated to bring their interpretation of God's will to fruition.
In circumstances where moderate ways are not perceived to have produced results, whether social, political, or economic, the populace may turn to extreme interpretations for solutions.
Without legitimate mechanisms for religious groups to express their views, they may be more likely to resort to violence.