The Members of government are, as a rule, members of those parties which have a majority in Parliament.
As a result, one important democratic task is more and more often taken over by the opposition parties: controlling the Government.
History has time and again shown that unlimited power in the hands of one person or group in most cases means that others are suppressed or their powers curtailed.
The separation of powers in a democracy is to prevent abuse of power and to safeguard freedom for all.
Thus, the Federal President cannot at the same time be a Member of the National Council, or a judge who is appointed Minister or elected to be a Member of the National Council must be temporarily suspended from his/her judicial duties.
The first of the three powers has the task of passing laws and supervising their implementation. the National and Federal Councils – and the Provincial Diets.
As a result, no one institution can become so powerful in a democracy as to destroy this system.
Checks and balances (rights of mutual control and influence) make sure that the three powers interact in an equitable and balanced way.
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