There are some kinds of crimes that can be expected to be committed by women, but there are others that are not.
On the one hand, there is no gender role corresponding to the former kinds of crimes, or at least it is not clear.
There is no doubt that in all societies, response to crimes, particularly serious ones, is significantly affected by the gender of the defendants or sometimes the gender of the victims.
Within societies, female gender expectations and gender roles are different from those of males.
The relations between gender and crime are deep, persistent and paradoxical.
Gender has been recognized as one of the most important factors that play a significant role in dealing with different kinds of crimes within criminal justice systems.Although as a general statement it can be said that the law does not differentiate between men and women, research conducted in the field of criminology have clearly shown that social characteristics of offenders such as race, gender and class, have influenced the decisions made in the CJS.For example, Morris (1987) has considered in his study that women are treated more leniently than men within the CJS, and they are less likely to be arrested, convicted and jailed.In such societies, the unequal position of women results from social oppression as well as economic dependency on men.A woman who attacks her alleged batterer in these societies is considered to have violated “not just traditional gender roles of passivity and care-giving, but also a sexual hierarchy that grants men power over her.” This is a major cause of violence against women; for instance, five Pakistani women per day are killed, and two women per day, in the region of Punjab alone, are kidnapped.You can view samples of our professional work here.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Law Teacher.Lombroso and Ferrero (1985) emphasized that women who commit crimes are seen as genetically more male than female, therefore biologically abnormal.So females who did not act according to pre-defined standards were diagnosed as pathological and requiring treatment; they were to be ‘cured’ or ‘removed’.On the other hand, if a woman commits a crime that society does not expect her to commit, such as killing her children, she will invariably be treated harshly by that society.Society’s expectations depend on the culture and tradition more than the law.